E.T. parla, ma nessuno lo ascolta

CERCARE GLI ALIENI CHE CERCANO NOI

Un nuovo approccio alla ricerca di vita extraterrestre intelligente. Come gli astronomi vanno a caccia di esopianeti facendo affidamento sul sistema dei transiti, allo stesso modo una civiltà aliena potrebbe aver individuato la Terra grazie al movimento di rivoluzione attorno al Sole, la nostra stella. L’ipotesi in uno studio della McMaster University in uscita su Astrobiology

E.T. l’extra-terrestre, in una scena della pellicola di fantascienza diretta da Steven Spielberg. USA 1982.

Telefono. Casa. La bambina che fu Drew Barrymore osserva incredula un buffo alieno dall’indice luminescente, mentre compone un lunghissimo numero di telefono, in una scena che è passata alla storia del cinema: E.T. l’extraterrestre. 1982, Steven Spielberg alla regia.

Ma cosa succederebbe se E.T. fosse stufo di stare attaccato a un ricevitore, mentre qui, da noi, il telefono suona a vuoto e nessuno risponde? La domanda al limite della realtà se la sono posta i ricercatori della McMaster University: non va escluso che l’intelligenza extraterrestre esista e stia cercando di mettersi in contatto con noi. Meglio prestare bene attenzione ai deboli segnali che giungono alle nostre orecchie elettroniche dalla periferia della Galassia.

Sarebbe un peccato trovarsi fuori campo mentre una forma intelligente di vita extraterrestre cerca di mettersi in contatto con noi.

Il punto di partenza è elementare: René Heller e Ralph Pudritz della McMaster sostengono che la concreta opportunità di trovare un segnale proveniente dall’esterno si basi sulla condivisibile considerazione che E.T. stia cercandoci con gli stessi strumenti in nostro possesso. Qui da noi, sulla Terra, astrofisici e ricercatori stanno concentrando i loro sforzi su pianeti e lune troppo lontani perché possano essere visti direttamente. Lo studio degli esopianeti passa dal monitoraggio dei transiti di questi lontani corpi celesti di fronte alla loro stella ospite.

Dalla misurazione della variazione della luminosità di una stella durante il transito di un pianeta di fronte al disco (prendendo a riferimento il nostro punto di vista di un lontano sistema planetario), gli scienziati possono desumere una serie di importantissime informazioni, senza mai vedere direttamente un mondo alieno. Stimano l’illuminazione media fornita al pianeta, la temperatura sulla sua superficie. A oggi sono decine i corpi su cui gli scienziati ipotizzano possano verificarsi condizioni favorevoli alla crescita e allo sviluppo della vita (vedi Media INAF).

Nello studio in corso di pubblicazione su Astrobiology, Heller e Pudritz rovesciano la prospettiva e si chiedono: potrebbe un’intelligenza aliena aver scoperto l’esistenza della Terra con lo stesso metodo dei transiti cui ricorrono regolarmente gli astronomi oggigiorno?

Se E.T. va a caccia di esopianeti come facciamo noi, e se per farlo si affida al metodo dei transiti, allora è meglio prestare bene attenzione ai posti da cui si ha una bella vista sul Sole e transito della Terra sul disco solare.

«È impossibile sapere se gli extraterrestri utilizzino o meno le nostre tecnologie per scrutare l’Universo», spiega Heller. «Certo devono fare i conti con gli stessi principi fisici che valgono per noi, e il sistema dei transiti è un buon metodo per portare a casa validi risultati». Ora, la zona di transito della Terra sul disco del Sole si offre a un pubblico di circa 100mila potenziali bersagli. Un numero destinato a crescere mano a mano che la nostra capacità di osservare il cielo viene incrementata e migliorata. «Se qualcuno di questi bersagli ospita vita intelligente, ebbene questa potrebbe averci individuati da tempo e un eventuale messaggio dallo spazio potrebbe essere già stato trasmesso in direzione Terra», spiega Pudritz.

Resta da capire se la telefonata da E.T. sia o meno già arrivata alle nostre orecchie. Speriamo di saper prestare la giusta attenzione a questi deboli segnali interstellari. E che la chiamata non sia addebitata al destinatario.

Per saperne di più:

PROTOCOLS for the establishment of the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials already present on Planet Earth

PROTOCOLS for the establishment of the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials already present on Planet Earth Version 1.03 – February 15th, 2015 C.U.N. – Centro Ufologico Nazionale Firenze, Italy coordinamento@centroufologiconazionale.net Contact with Extraterrestrials Think-Tank Italy PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 2 of 25 The knowledge that life existed in other parts of the universe might lead to a greater unity of men on earth, based on the oneness of man or on the age-old assumption that any stranger is threatening. Much would depend on what, if anything, was communicated between man and the other beings…1 1 Proposed Studies on the Implications of Peaceful Space Activities for Human Affairs, THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION – Final Report Washington, D.C., December 1960 PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 3 of 25 TABLE OF CONTENTS Part 1 – References ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4 Part 2 – Definitions……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….5 Part 3 – Preamble…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7 Part 4 – General …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………10 1. Purpose of this document…………………………………………………………………………………………………..10 2. The kind of Extraterrestrials that should be contacted ……………………………………………………………10 3. The kind of contact……………………………………………………………………………………………………………10 4. Purpose of the contact……………………………………………………………………………………………………….10 5. General considerations………………………………………………………………………………………………………10 6. Overview of the process leading to the Initial Contact…………………………………………………………….11 7. Annexes to the present document……………………………………………………………………………………….12 8. Intended recipients of this document…………………………………………………………………………………..12 9. Main requirements……………………………………………………………………………………………………………13 10. Further developments……………………………………………………………………………………………………….13 Annex A – The Preliminary Phase………………………………………………………………………………………………………….14 1. Preamble …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………14 2. List of the preliminary activities…………………………………………………………………………………………..14 3. Time line………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….14 Annex B – The Preparation Phase………………………………………………………………………………………………………….15 1. Preamble …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………15 2. List of the preparation activities………………………………………………………………………………………….15 3. Timeline…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..21 Annex C – The Operative Phase…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….22 1. Preamble …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………22 2. List of the operational activities…………………………………………………………………………………………..22 3. Timeline…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..22 4. Initial developments of the Dialogue Process – basic elements………………………………………………..23 Annex D – General Flowchart of the Initial Contact Process………………………………………………………………………24 PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 4 of 25 Part 1 – References 1. Complete title of this document: Protocols for the establishment of the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials already present on Planet Earth. 2. Concise title: Protocols for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials. 3. Informal title The CUN’s Contact Protocols 4. Version: 1.02 – October 11th, 2014 5. Author: C.E.T.I. (Contact with Extraterrestrials Think-tank Italy) for Centro Ufologico Nazionale (C.U.N.) postal address: Via Senese 138, 50124 Firenze – Italy web: http://www.centroufologiconazionale.net email: coordinamento@centroufologiconazionale.net 6. Number of pages: 25 7. License: The present document is released by its author under the Creative Commons License1 International 4.0 with the following restrictions: BY : Attribution NC : Noncommercial ND: No derivatives 1 Further details on Creative Commons licensing model can be found at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/?lang=en PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 5 of 25 Part 2 – Definitions «Acceptation message» The message that the Invited Extraterrestrials (see) would send to accept the invitation to the Contact broadcast with the Invitation Message (see). «Acknowledgement message» (Also in the shortened form Ack Message) The message to be transmitted to the Invited Extraterrestrials (see) to acknowledge the reception of their positive answer to the Invitation Message (see). «Communication Campaign» see Informative Campaign. «Contact» The establishment of any form of conscious interactive communication, either indirect (as via radio communications) or direct (that is, person to person) between intelligent and self-conscious beings of any origin, where each party acknowledges the other and a meaningful flow of information ensues. «Contact Process » The process that should lead to the establishment of the first contact with Extraterrestrial (see) that could already be present on planet Earth. It is the process that this document wishes to facilitate. «Dialogue Process » The interactive phase that should follow the moment of the Initial Contact, the process where information is exchanged between the Invited Extraterrestrials (see) and the terrestrial humanity (see). « Extraterrestrial or Extraterrestrial being» Any individual biological being whose origin can be traced to any place outside Planet Earth who can think and act consciously. « Extraterrestrial Civilization» Any civilization composed of individual beings as defined above, the origin of which can be traced to any place outside Planet Earth. «Extraterrestrial Humanity» Any organized society composed by biological beings having the general human shape, originating from any place in the universe outside of planet Earth. «Humanity » Any organized society composed by biological beings having the general human shape. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 6 of 25 « Informative Campaign » (Also in the shortened form InfoCampaign) or « Communication Campaign » A very wide scale communication campaign to be implemented well ahead of the start of the Contact Process itself, meant to inform the general public of the Process and of its intended outcome. «Initial Contact » The very first contact between the terrestrial humanity (see) and other civilizations; it is the event which this document wishes to facilitate. « Invitation Message » (Also in the shortened form InvMessage) The message to be broadcast in order to invite the Extraterrestrials (see) that could be present on Planet Earth to come forward for the establishment of an open and official contact. « Invited Extraterrestrials » Any member of any Extraterrestrials Humanity (see) who has been invited by any terrestrial body/organization to make an official and open contact with the Terrestrial Humanity (see). «Terrestrial Humanity » The humanity (see) that inhabits the planet Earth (the species Homo Sapiens Sapiens). «UAP» (from Unidentified Atmospheric Phenomena) Any atmospheric phenomenon that cannot be identified; in most cases its meaning overlaps with that of the term UFO (see). «UFO » (from Unidentified Flying Objects) A mysterious object seen in the sky for which it is claimed no orthodox scientific explanation can be found, often supposed to be a vehicle carrying extraterrestrials. (from The Oxford Dictionary online at http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/UFO ) . PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 7 of 25 Part 3 – Preamble 1. Considering that: a) many ancient texts, religious and not, contain descriptions of past events that can nowadays be easily interpreted as contacts and interactions with extraterrestrials beings visiting planet Earth; b) the possibility of the existence of other civilizations, including those far superior than our own, is nowadays increasingly accepted by science on multiple basis (astronomical, biological and probabilistic); c) numerous clerics and scholars of different religions (Christian, Hebraic, Muslim, Hindu and Buddhist) have explicitly declared that the existence of other intelligent beings in the universe is not contrary to the basics of their respective religions; d) since several decades a very high number of well documented, good quality observation reports of anomalous atmospheric phenomena from all over the world have accumulated and still keep on accumulating; e) of these anomalous atmospheric phenomena, a consistent and persistent portion manifests unusual characteristics. Even though such characteristics cannot find their place in the context of the contemporary scientific knowledge, they nonetheless suggest an association with intelligence, and manifest the general aspect and behaviour of technologically produced and intelligently controlled devices; f) the multiple technological aspects of these phenomena, recurrently observed during several decades, along with significant recurrences in the categories of physical effects observed, all point to the possibility that manned vessels of extraterrestrial origin have reached and are visiting planet Earth; g) the numerous reports of “close encounters of the third kind”, in a good number of cases with physical effects and evidences, all point to the real possibility that manned vessels of extraterrestrial origin have reached and are visiting planet Earth; h) the modus operandi of the intelligences that could possibly be behind the UFO/UAP phenomenon appears invariably evasive and oriented toward elusion instead of the establishment of any kind of open contact; PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 8 of 25 i) since the beginning of the UFO/UAP phenomenon in contemporary times (conventionally, the year 1947), the subject has almost invariably remained under the strict control of the military authorities and of the intelligence communities of the many countries involved. Keeping the whole matter continuously hidden from the public opinion and operating under a high degree of secrecy, their attitude has always been focused on, first, determining if the phenomenon posed any national security threat and, second, trying to acquire as much technological information as possible to be used for military supremacy purposes; j) as repeatedly affirmed by the military authorities of all the countries involved, in the course of the almost seven decades of contemporary history of the phenomenon, its behaviour has never manifested any characteristic that could be interpreted as a sign of aggressiveness; k) if extraterrestrial civilizations indeed exist and their members have already reached our planet, their scientific knowledge, technological capacities, and very likely their moral development, must necessarily vary from highly to enormously superior than ours; l) if extraterrestrial civilizations indeed exist and their members have already reached our planet, their intent must be pacific, as their far superior capacities would have allowed them to annihilate the whole civilization on this planet since long; m) in the course of the whole story of mankind, the contact between societies with different level of development have always been unfavourable to the less developed one; n) at the time being no private/international organization or state has ever engaged into any operation meant to contact these probable visitors on this planet. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 9 of 25 2. We strongly believe that: a) the probability that members of non-terrestrial civilizations have visited and are currently present on Earth is high; b) the benefits for the whole humanity of planet Earth in case of an open, official and responsibly managed contact with extraterrestrial civilizations would be of invaluable importance; c) each and every aspect connected with the entire subject of UFOs/Extraterrestrials, the efforts to try to establish a contact with Them and the management of the relationships that could ensue in case of a positive outcome, should exclusively be dealt with and managed by civil authorities and organizations. 3. Therefore: the Centro Ufologico Nazionale (C.U.N.) of Italy and the C.E.T.I. (Contact with Extraterrestrials Think-tank Italy) have taken the initiative to formulate specific protocols meant to facilitate the achievement of the initial, open, official and friendly contact with Extraterrestrial Civilizations that could be present on planet Earth and make it freely available to everyone who would use them. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 10 of 25 Part 4 – General 1. Purpose of this document The purpose of this document is to define a set of guidelines (“protocols”) that can be of help in the process of facilitating the establishment of the initial, open, friendly and official contact with members of Extraterrestrial Civilization (“Initial Contact”). 2. The kind of Extraterrestrials that should be contacted The Extraterrestrials that this document aims to facilitate the contact with are exclusively those who could already be present on planet Earth. 3. The kind of contact Considering the extremely deep repercussions of the Contact with eso-civilizations and the high level of cultural shock risk, the Contact that this document wishes to facilitate is, at least in the initial phase, of the distant kind. 4. Purpose of the contact The ultimate purpose of the Contact that the present document wishes to facilitate is to promote the meeting with other intelligent life forms, in order to establish advantageous and mutually enriching friendship relations for the highest good of the terrestrial humanity. 5. General considerations Trying to establish a contact with Extraterrestrials is a very delicate, multi-faceted and complex activity which repercussions would surely extend to and deeply influence the terrestrial humanity. Any event and/or activity aimed at the establishment of the Contact should therefore be very carefully planned, always keeping in due consideration such relevance. Also, considering that “The discovery of alien life forms is not necessarily a process under our control and could take a totally unexpected form and turn” 3 , and that “It should not be taken for granted that intelligent forms of extraterrestrial life would be readily identified by humans”4 , an open, unbiased and flexible 3,4 Philippe Ailleris, “UFOs and Exogenous Intelligence Encounters” in ESPI Perspectives no.43 – http://www.espi.or.at PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 11 of 25 attitude is a highly recommended asset that should be maintained during the whole Contact Process to be able to face the many unknown factors that it could present. 6. Overview of the process leading to the Initial Contact The process that should lead to the achievement of the initial, open and official contact with an extraterrestrial civilization should cautiously develop itself along a certain number of phases. These phases are: a. the definition and signature of the initial agreement; b. the definition of the general organization chart; c. the definition of the road-map for the development of the Process; d. the definition of the scientific committees; e. the definition and implementation of an informative campaign aimed at properly inform the general public; f. the definition and implementation of the appropriate changes in the legal framework to take into account the implications of the Contact; g. the preparation of the Invitation Message; h. the transmission of the Invitation Message; i. the evaluation of the reply(s), if any; j. the definition of the course of action to undertake in case no answer has been received; k. the definition of the course of action to undertake in case one or more answers has or have been received but there are doubts about their genuinity and/or have not been properly understood; l. the definition of the course of action to undertake in case one or more of the answers has or have been validated. A graphic representation of the general process can be found under the form of flowchart in Annex D. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 12 of 25 7. Annexes to the present document Annex A contains the protocol for the Preliminary phase of the Contact Process, that is the guidelines for the portion of the process where the organizational substrate is prepared. Annex B contains the protocol for the Preparation phase of the Contact Process, that is the guidelines for the portion of the process where the activities that will lead to the Initial Contact are prepared. Annex C contains the protocol for the Operative phase of the Contact Process, that is the guidelines for the portion of the process where the activities that should lead to the Initial Contact are put into practice. Annex D contains the general workflow of the Contact Process. 8. Intended recipients of this document This document and the Protocols described herein are specifically addressed to those bodies belonging to the following categories: a. International Organizations; b. State-run, either directly or indirectly, organizations and/or agencies; c. Private organizations; d. Any combination of the above. Considering the complexity of the whole operation and the extremely deep impact on the terrestrial humanity as a whole of such contact, the ideal candidate for this process is an international organization, or a grouping of subjects where one or more international organizations plays, or play, the main role; this because of the intrinsically inter-national nature of such organizations. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 13 of 25 9. Main requirements Whoever the actor(s), in order to maximize the chances of a positive outcome such an activity should be: a. very carefully planned, taking into due consideration the very high number of interconnected factors that may influence the process and its enormous impact on the terrestrial humanity; b. very cautiously developed through constant monitoring, always taking in due consideration the possible danger of cultural shock; c. undertaken by bodies/organizations that can count on enough resources, both of the material and of the intellectual kind; d. exclusively undertaken by civil bodies/organizations, being both finalities and modus operandi of military/intelligence organizations antithetically incompatible with the purpose of this Process; e. fully open in nature towards the public; f. undertaken on the base of a totally unconditioned pacific intent; g. undertaken for the highest good of the terrestrial humanity as a whole; h. undertaken on the base of a non-human-centric attitude; i. based on a fair, honest and pure wish to develop friendly, lasting and mutually enriching relationships where both parts have something to learn from the other, irrespective of their level of development. 10. Further developments The C.E.T.I. and the Centro Ufologico Nazionale reserve the right to formulate and make publicly available further protocols covering the phases following the Initial Contact. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex A – The Preliminary Phase Page 14 of 25 Annex A – The Preliminary Phase 1. Preamble The Preliminary Phase (steps 1 to 4 in the Annex D flowchart) is the part of the process where the bases for the development of the Contact Process are laid. The nature of this phase is essentially organizational, and includes the activities that are necessary to implement a proper organizational framework for the Contact Process to be developed. Given the relevance, complexity and ramifications of the whole Contact Process, the actor(s) will exercise a great care in this preliminary phase, in order to properly set up from the very beginning an effective framework for the correct and seamless implementation of the Contact Process. 2. List of the preliminary activities In this phase, the actor(s) of the Contact Process will take care to put into practice the operations described in the following list: a. the definition and signature of the initial agreement between the involved parties; b. the definition of the general organizational chart; c. the definition of the general road map of the Process; d. the definition of the scientific panels. 3. Time line The actor(s) of the Contact Process will take care to implement the activities as listed above and in that order. Even though the order listed above is important and should be properly respected, a general attitude of flexibility is highly recommended, as an important asset to face the potential unknown factors that such an operation might present. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 15 of 25 Annex B – The Preparation Phase 1. Preamble The Preparation Phase (steps 5 to 9 in the Annex D flowchart) is the part of the process where the activities meant to prepare the actual operative phase are enacted within the framework of the general road map defined in the Preliminary Phase. The activities of this phase belong to three distinct threads of activity, nominally in the communication, legal and scientific domains. 2. List of the preparation activities The detailed list of the activities to be implemented in this Phase is the following: a. Activities in the domain of communication This sector of activity includes all that is necessary to implement a wide range communication project meant to inform the population of the world about the Contact Process: The actor(s) of the Contact Process will exercise the greatest care to carefully implement a very wide scale communication process meant to properly inform the population of the world about the purpose and aim of the Contact Process, in order to minimize the risk of cultural shock and prepare the best possible general attitude towards the Contact. The same care will be applied by the actor(s) in order to implement a correct synergy with the mass media organizations. In particular, a great care should be exercised in order to correctly sensitize the Medias about the great importance and repercussions of the Contact Project and about the importance of a correct and responsible information, specifically avoiding any sensationalism, improper bias and in general any undue deformation of the information. In the framework of this operation, the factive cooperation of religious and spiritual leaders of any cult is a very important asset and should be actively sought for. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 16 of 25 Considering the very likely long period of time that will be necessary for the desired outcome of this communication campaign to be achieved, this will be the very first operation to be started, once the composition of the various scientific panels has been defined. This information campaign will make use of the highest possible number of channels and communication systems in order to reach the highest percentage of the world population. In the course of this campaign, a significant emphasis will be placed upon the open and official nature of the Process. Such character of openness will not be limited to this Phase but will remain constant all along the whole Contact Process and will extend further into the Dialogue process b. Activities in the domain of legislation This sector of activity includes all that is necessary to define and implement a proper juridical framework for the Contact and the Dialogue Process to develop: The state or the states to which the actor(s) belong will include in their legislations a norm or a body of norms that recognize 1. the possible existence of intelligent beings and civilizations in the Universe; 2. any of these civilizations and their members as full subjects of right. The same will be done, as applicable, by any other body/organization participating in the Contact Process, in order to implement a homogeneous and suitable legal framework for all the actors. c. Activities in the scientific domain This sector of activity includes all that is necessary to define the contents of the Invitation Message, to transmit it, to wait for and validate the possible answer(s) and the lines of action for the possible scenarios following the transmission of the Invitation Message: 1. The formulation of the Invitation Message Such message will be composed by at least the following parts: PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 17 of 25 a. a clear and explicit declaration of pacific intent from the inviting party; b. the invitation to come forward in peace and friendship with the purpose to set up open, official and lasting relationships; c. the indication of the system(s) to be used by the Invited Extraterrestrials to convey the positive answer (Acceptation Message). To increase the possibility of being correctly understood, the languages used for this message should preferably be chosen among the more widely spoken languages in the world, like English, Spanish and Chinese. In case radio waves or optical beams are used as carriers and digital modulation systems are used, or in the case of written messages, the body of the message could contain concepts partially or totally expressed in the form of mathematical notations, as it has been done in the so-called “Arecibo message”, transmitted in 1974. In addition, to minimize the possibility of receiving fake acceptation messages, it should explicitly be requested that the acceptation message be multi-part, and/or multi-system and/or cross-system. Considering that the Invited Extraterrestrials could very likely possess technical capabilities that far exceed those of the Homo Sapiens Sapiens species, it could also be requested that the Acceptation Message be transmitted using a method, or methods, that are impossible for the terrestrial humanity to implement. 2. The modalities for the transmission of the Invitation Message Such message should preferably be broadcast using multiple different carriers; multiple versions could then be created in order to best adapt to the specific carriers used. In any case the basic information to be conveyed should remain the same for all the versions, though. The following is a non-exhaustive list of carriers for the transmission of this message: a. radio waves of any frequency, modulated with the purpose of carrying verbal and/or text messages to be broadcast with any of the systems nowadays available; PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 18 of 25 b. light waves of any frequency, modulated with the purpose of carrying verbal and/or text messages to be broadcast with any of the systems nowadays available; c. the Internet, in the form of file(s) containing the information that is wished to convey (html pages, plain text files, formatted text files, audio/video files etc); d. the printed press; e. writings/graphical elements traced on the ground or any suitable support. 3. The modalities for the waiting of the reply The same channels used for transmitting the Invitation Message will be monitored for the time window allocated for this operation (“waiting period”). Not knowing a priori how long it could take for the Invited Extraterrestrials to reply, the duration of the waiting period should be made as long as practically possible. One point to be taken in due consideration here is the possibility that a reply came at any moment under a totally unexpected form and/or a totally unexpected, strange or unusual system or carrier like, for instance but not limited to, agroglyphes (“crop circles”). An attitude of great flexibility should therefore be kept in this context. Once the waiting period has elapsed, any replay that could have been received (“candidate reply”) will be forwarded to the competent commission for the evaluation. 4. The modalities for the validation of the reply, or replies, received The candidate reply or replies shall be validated by multiple, independent scientific panels in a cross-evaluation process. The number of such panels should be chosen to be odd. In case of multiple candidate replies, each one will be examined under a single instance of the validation process. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 19 of 25 Each instance of the validation process will have one and only one the following outcomes: NR – Not Received: a particular condition of the validation process where no answer has been received; NV – Not Validated: in case the candidate answer under examination has not been validated being there no doubts whatsoever about its invalidity; ND – Not validated with Doubts: in case it has not been possible to reach an agreement on the validity of the candidate reply under examination, but significant and motivated elements in favor of its validity persist; NU – Not Understood: in case it has not been possible to reach an agreement on the validity of the candidate answer under examinations because of the impossibility to fully understand its meaning; VA – Validated: in case it has been possible to reach an agreement on the validity of the candidate answer. 5. The course of action to undertake in case no reply has been received (outcome NR), or in case of NV outcome(s) In such case, the actor(s) can evaluate the possibility to: a. repeat the whole Process with the same parameters, re-starting from step 10 in Annex D; b. repeat the whole Process with any with modification they may deem necessary, re-starting from step 16 in Annex D, or c. terminate the Contact Process (step 20 in Annex D). 6. The course of action to undertake in case of ND and/or NU outcome(s) In such case the actor(s) can evaluate the possibility of repeating the Invitation Message. In case the author(s) of the Invitation Message deem it useful, its formulation could be modified in order to reduce the possibility of misinterpretations by the Invited Extraterrestrials, re-starting from step 18 of Annex D. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 20 of 25 7. The course of action to undertake in case of at least one VA outcome. In such case, the actor(s) of the Contact Process will take care to perform the actions described in the following list: a. Transmission of the Ack Message The Message of Acknowledgement (“Ack Message”, first section of point 15 of the general flowchart in Annex D) should be transmitted using the channel(s) specified by the Invited Extraterrestrials in their Acceptation Message. In case of lack of such information, the Acknowledgment Message shall be transmitted using the same channel(s) used by Them to transmit the Acceptation Message. Should this be impossible for the reasons listed in the final paragraph of point 2.c at page 17, the Ack Message should be transmitted using the same system(s) used to transmit the Invitation Message. Such Ack Message should be formulated in order to inform the Invited Extraterrestrials of the following: 1. that Their reply has been received; 2. that the terrestrial humanity wishes to express their gratitude for having accepted the invitation; 3. the system that will be used for the following contacts. b. Forwarding of the official notifications The notification of the reception of a positive reply shall be forwarded through the official channels to the government(s) of the country(ies) to which the organization(s) participating in the Contact Process belong. c. Information to the Medias and to the public The news of the reception of a positive answer will be issued and sent to the organizations of the mass media. The same news will also be broadcast to the general public using the same channels/systems used for the Informative Campaign in the Preparation Phase. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 21 of 25 3. Timeline The actor(s) of the Contact Process will perform the activities of this Phase in the order described above. Considering the very likely long time to be allocated for the informative campaign, and the similarly long time for its desired effects to fully manifest, such operation will be the very first to be performed in this Phase. Even though the order listed above is important and should be properly respected, a general attitude of flexibility is highly recommended, as an important asset to face the potential unknown factors that such an operation might present. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex C – The Operative Phase Page 22 of 25 Annex C – The Operative Phase 1. Preamble The Operative Phase (steps from 10 on in the Annex D flowchart) is the part of the process where the procedures that have been set up in the Preparation Phase are put into practice. The nature of this phase is essentially operational. 2. List of the operational activities With reference to the general description given in the precedent point 1 and to the list of the preparative activities detailed in Annex B, the Operative Phase should develop itself according to the following general sequence: a. transmission of the Invitation Message; b. waiting for any answer; c. validation of any answer; d. decision on the course of action to undertake in case no answer has been received or validated, or e. decision on the course of action to undertake in case one or more answers have not been validated but significant doubts in favor of its validity persist and/or it has not been possible to fully understand their meaning, or f. decision on the course of action to undertake in case one or more answers have been validated. 3. Timeline The actor(s) of the Contact Process will perform the activities of this Phase in the order indicated at point 2 above. Even though the order listed above is important and should be properly respected, a general attitude of flexibility is highly recommended, as an important asset to face the potential unknown factors that such an operation might present. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex C – The Operative Phase Page 23 of 25 4. Initial developments of the Dialogue Process – basic elements a. General Following the moment of the Initial Contact, the course of action to undertake in the development of the Dialogue Process with the Invited Extraterrestrials should be inspired by the greatest caution, where the risk of cultural shock is the factor to be monitored with the greatest care. b. Modalities for the development of the Dialogue Ideally, the development of the relationships with other races of intelligent beings should slowly and cautiously develop itself along the steps of a process that finds its origin in a dialogue at a distance, while continuously informing the general public and monitoring the its reactions. Should the reactions be mainly negative, and/or should the symptoms of cultural shock manifest themselves, the dialogue should remain of the distant kind as long as necessary. In case the reactions be of a less negative nature, the process could gradually, but always cautiously, be accelerated towards the establishment of more strict relations. c. Modalities for the management of the Dialogue In any case, the Dialogue Process should exclusively be managed since the beginning by one (or more) body (bodies) acting (collectively) as a buffer layer between the Invited Extraterrestrials’ culture and that of the terrestrial humanity, in a constant framework of an open attitude towards the terrestrial public. The action of such buffer layer must not in any case negatively influence or interfere with the open character of the Dialogue Process. d. Desirable synergies As for the Contact Process, keeping alive a factive synergy with the Medias is an essential asset in this phase, in order to provide a correct and effective information to the public, avoiding any deformation or improper alteration. Similarly, a factive synergy with religious/spiritual leaders of any cult is an essential asset in this phase, in order to have the religious, moral and philosophic implications of the Contact properly understood, elaborated and integrated in the social framework. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex D – General Flowchart Page 24 of 25 Annex D – General Flowchart of the Initial Contact Process PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 25 of 25 This page has intentionally been left blank.

 

 

PROTOCOLS for the establishment of the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials already present on Planet Earth Version 1.03 – February 15th, 2015 C.U.N. – Centro Ufologico Nazionale Firenze, Italy coordinamento@centroufologiconazionale.net Contact with Extraterrestrials Think-Tank Italy PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 2 of 25 The knowledge that life existed in other parts of the universe might lead to a greater unity of men on earth, based on the oneness of man or on the age-old assumption that any stranger is threatening. Much would depend on what, if anything, was communicated between man and the other beings…1 1 Proposed Studies on the Implications of Peaceful Space Activities for Human Affairs, THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION – Final Report Washington, D.C., December 1960 PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 3 of 25 TABLE OF CONTENTS Part 1 – References ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4 Part 2 – Definitions……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….5 Part 3 – Preamble…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………7 Part 4 – General …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………10 1. Purpose of this document…………………………………………………………………………………………………..10 2. The kind of Extraterrestrials that should be contacted ……………………………………………………………10 3. The kind of contact……………………………………………………………………………………………………………10 4. Purpose of the contact……………………………………………………………………………………………………….10 5. General considerations………………………………………………………………………………………………………10 6. Overview of the process leading to the Initial Contact…………………………………………………………….11 7. Annexes to the present document……………………………………………………………………………………….12 8. Intended recipients of this document…………………………………………………………………………………..12 9. Main requirements……………………………………………………………………………………………………………13 10. Further developments……………………………………………………………………………………………………….13 Annex A – The Preliminary Phase………………………………………………………………………………………………………….14 1. Preamble …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………14 2. List of the preliminary activities…………………………………………………………………………………………..14 3. Time line………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….14 Annex B – The Preparation Phase………………………………………………………………………………………………………….15 1. Preamble …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………15 2. List of the preparation activities………………………………………………………………………………………….15 3. Timeline…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..21 Annex C – The Operative Phase…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….22 1. Preamble …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………22 2. List of the operational activities…………………………………………………………………………………………..22 3. Timeline…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..22 4. Initial developments of the Dialogue Process – basic elements………………………………………………..23 Annex D – General Flowchart of the Initial Contact Process………………………………………………………………………24 PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 4 of 25 Part 1 – References 1. Complete title of this document: Protocols for the establishment of the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials already present on Planet Earth. 2. Concise title: Protocols for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials. 3. Informal title The CUN’s Contact Protocols 4. Version: 1.02 – October 11th, 2014 5. Author: C.E.T.I. (Contact with Extraterrestrials Think-tank Italy) for Centro Ufologico Nazionale (C.U.N.) postal address: Via Senese 138, 50124 Firenze – Italy web: http://www.centroufologiconazionale.net email: coordinamento@centroufologiconazionale.net 6. Number of pages: 25 7. License: The present document is released by its author under the Creative Commons License1 International 4.0 with the following restrictions: BY : Attribution NC : Noncommercial ND: No derivatives 1 Further details on Creative Commons licensing model can be found at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/?lang=en PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 5 of 25 Part 2 – Definitions «Acceptation message» The message that the Invited Extraterrestrials (see) would send to accept the invitation to the Contact broadcast with the Invitation Message (see). «Acknowledgement message» (Also in the shortened form Ack Message) The message to be transmitted to the Invited Extraterrestrials (see) to acknowledge the reception of their positive answer to the Invitation Message (see). «Communication Campaign» see Informative Campaign. «Contact» The establishment of any form of conscious interactive communication, either indirect (as via radio communications) or direct (that is, person to person) between intelligent and self-conscious beings of any origin, where each party acknowledges the other and a meaningful flow of information ensues. «Contact Process » The process that should lead to the establishment of the first contact with Extraterrestrial (see) that could already be present on planet Earth. It is the process that this document wishes to facilitate. «Dialogue Process » The interactive phase that should follow the moment of the Initial Contact, the process where information is exchanged between the Invited Extraterrestrials (see) and the terrestrial humanity (see). « Extraterrestrial or Extraterrestrial being» Any individual biological being whose origin can be traced to any place outside Planet Earth who can think and act consciously. « Extraterrestrial Civilization» Any civilization composed of individual beings as defined above, the origin of which can be traced to any place outside Planet Earth. «Extraterrestrial Humanity» Any organized society composed by biological beings having the general human shape, originating from any place in the universe outside of planet Earth. «Humanity » Any organized society composed by biological beings having the general human shape. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 6 of 25 « Informative Campaign » (Also in the shortened form InfoCampaign) or « Communication Campaign » A very wide scale communication campaign to be implemented well ahead of the start of the Contact Process itself, meant to inform the general public of the Process and of its intended outcome. «Initial Contact » The very first contact between the terrestrial humanity (see) and other civilizations; it is the event which this document wishes to facilitate. « Invitation Message » (Also in the shortened form InvMessage) The message to be broadcast in order to invite the Extraterrestrials (see) that could be present on Planet Earth to come forward for the establishment of an open and official contact. « Invited Extraterrestrials » Any member of any Extraterrestrials Humanity (see) who has been invited by any terrestrial body/organization to make an official and open contact with the Terrestrial Humanity (see). «Terrestrial Humanity » The humanity (see) that inhabits the planet Earth (the species Homo Sapiens Sapiens). «UAP» (from Unidentified Atmospheric Phenomena) Any atmospheric phenomenon that cannot be identified; in most cases its meaning overlaps with that of the term UFO (see). «UFO » (from Unidentified Flying Objects) A mysterious object seen in the sky for which it is claimed no orthodox scientific explanation can be found, often supposed to be a vehicle carrying extraterrestrials. (from The Oxford Dictionary online at http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/UFO ) . PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 7 of 25 Part 3 – Preamble 1. Considering that: a) many ancient texts, religious and not, contain descriptions of past events that can nowadays be easily interpreted as contacts and interactions with extraterrestrials beings visiting planet Earth; b) the possibility of the existence of other civilizations, including those far superior than our own, is nowadays increasingly accepted by science on multiple basis (astronomical, biological and probabilistic); c) numerous clerics and scholars of different religions (Christian, Hebraic, Muslim, Hindu and Buddhist) have explicitly declared that the existence of other intelligent beings in the universe is not contrary to the basics of their respective religions; d) since several decades a very high number of well documented, good quality observation reports of anomalous atmospheric phenomena from all over the world have accumulated and still keep on accumulating; e) of these anomalous atmospheric phenomena, a consistent and persistent portion manifests unusual characteristics. Even though such characteristics cannot find their place in the context of the contemporary scientific knowledge, they nonetheless suggest an association with intelligence, and manifest the general aspect and behaviour of technologically produced and intelligently controlled devices; f) the multiple technological aspects of these phenomena, recurrently observed during several decades, along with significant recurrences in the categories of physical effects observed, all point to the possibility that manned vessels of extraterrestrial origin have reached and are visiting planet Earth; g) the numerous reports of “close encounters of the third kind”, in a good number of cases with physical effects and evidences, all point to the real possibility that manned vessels of extraterrestrial origin have reached and are visiting planet Earth; h) the modus operandi of the intelligences that could possibly be behind the UFO/UAP phenomenon appears invariably evasive and oriented toward elusion instead of the establishment of any kind of open contact; PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 8 of 25 i) since the beginning of the UFO/UAP phenomenon in contemporary times (conventionally, the year 1947), the subject has almost invariably remained under the strict control of the military authorities and of the intelligence communities of the many countries involved. Keeping the whole matter continuously hidden from the public opinion and operating under a high degree of secrecy, their attitude has always been focused on, first, determining if the phenomenon posed any national security threat and, second, trying to acquire as much technological information as possible to be used for military supremacy purposes; j) as repeatedly affirmed by the military authorities of all the countries involved, in the course of the almost seven decades of contemporary history of the phenomenon, its behaviour has never manifested any characteristic that could be interpreted as a sign of aggressiveness; k) if extraterrestrial civilizations indeed exist and their members have already reached our planet, their scientific knowledge, technological capacities, and very likely their moral development, must necessarily vary from highly to enormously superior than ours; l) if extraterrestrial civilizations indeed exist and their members have already reached our planet, their intent must be pacific, as their far superior capacities would have allowed them to annihilate the whole civilization on this planet since long; m) in the course of the whole story of mankind, the contact between societies with different level of development have always been unfavourable to the less developed one; n) at the time being no private/international organization or state has ever engaged into any operation meant to contact these probable visitors on this planet. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 9 of 25 2. We strongly believe that: a) the probability that members of non-terrestrial civilizations have visited and are currently present on Earth is high; b) the benefits for the whole humanity of planet Earth in case of an open, official and responsibly managed contact with extraterrestrial civilizations would be of invaluable importance; c) each and every aspect connected with the entire subject of UFOs/Extraterrestrials, the efforts to try to establish a contact with Them and the management of the relationships that could ensue in case of a positive outcome, should exclusively be dealt with and managed by civil authorities and organizations. 3. Therefore: the Centro Ufologico Nazionale (C.U.N.) of Italy and the C.E.T.I. (Contact with Extraterrestrials Think-tank Italy) have taken the initiative to formulate specific protocols meant to facilitate the achievement of the initial, open, official and friendly contact with Extraterrestrial Civilizations that could be present on planet Earth and make it freely available to everyone who would use them. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 10 of 25 Part 4 – General 1. Purpose of this document The purpose of this document is to define a set of guidelines (“protocols”) that can be of help in the process of facilitating the establishment of the initial, open, friendly and official contact with members of Extraterrestrial Civilization (“Initial Contact”). 2. The kind of Extraterrestrials that should be contacted The Extraterrestrials that this document aims to facilitate the contact with are exclusively those who could already be present on planet Earth. 3. The kind of contact Considering the extremely deep repercussions of the Contact with eso-civilizations and the high level of cultural shock risk, the Contact that this document wishes to facilitate is, at least in the initial phase, of the distant kind. 4. Purpose of the contact The ultimate purpose of the Contact that the present document wishes to facilitate is to promote the meeting with other intelligent life forms, in order to establish advantageous and mutually enriching friendship relations for the highest good of the terrestrial humanity. 5. General considerations Trying to establish a contact with Extraterrestrials is a very delicate, multi-faceted and complex activity which repercussions would surely extend to and deeply influence the terrestrial humanity. Any event and/or activity aimed at the establishment of the Contact should therefore be very carefully planned, always keeping in due consideration such relevance. Also, considering that “The discovery of alien life forms is not necessarily a process under our control and could take a totally unexpected form and turn” 3 , and that “It should not be taken for granted that intelligent forms of extraterrestrial life would be readily identified by humans”4 , an open, unbiased and flexible 3,4 Philippe Ailleris, “UFOs and Exogenous Intelligence Encounters” in ESPI Perspectives no.43 – http://www.espi.or.at PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 11 of 25 attitude is a highly recommended asset that should be maintained during the whole Contact Process to be able to face the many unknown factors that it could present. 6. Overview of the process leading to the Initial Contact The process that should lead to the achievement of the initial, open and official contact with an extraterrestrial civilization should cautiously develop itself along a certain number of phases. These phases are: a. the definition and signature of the initial agreement; b. the definition of the general organization chart; c. the definition of the road-map for the development of the Process; d. the definition of the scientific committees; e. the definition and implementation of an informative campaign aimed at properly inform the general public; f. the definition and implementation of the appropriate changes in the legal framework to take into account the implications of the Contact; g. the preparation of the Invitation Message; h. the transmission of the Invitation Message; i. the evaluation of the reply(s), if any; j. the definition of the course of action to undertake in case no answer has been received; k. the definition of the course of action to undertake in case one or more answers has or have been received but there are doubts about their genuinity and/or have not been properly understood; l. the definition of the course of action to undertake in case one or more of the answers has or have been validated. A graphic representation of the general process can be found under the form of flowchart in Annex D. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 12 of 25 7. Annexes to the present document Annex A contains the protocol for the Preliminary phase of the Contact Process, that is the guidelines for the portion of the process where the organizational substrate is prepared. Annex B contains the protocol for the Preparation phase of the Contact Process, that is the guidelines for the portion of the process where the activities that will lead to the Initial Contact are prepared. Annex C contains the protocol for the Operative phase of the Contact Process, that is the guidelines for the portion of the process where the activities that should lead to the Initial Contact are put into practice. Annex D contains the general workflow of the Contact Process. 8. Intended recipients of this document This document and the Protocols described herein are specifically addressed to those bodies belonging to the following categories: a. International Organizations; b. State-run, either directly or indirectly, organizations and/or agencies; c. Private organizations; d. Any combination of the above. Considering the complexity of the whole operation and the extremely deep impact on the terrestrial humanity as a whole of such contact, the ideal candidate for this process is an international organization, or a grouping of subjects where one or more international organizations plays, or play, the main role; this because of the intrinsically inter-national nature of such organizations. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 13 of 25 9. Main requirements Whoever the actor(s), in order to maximize the chances of a positive outcome such an activity should be: a. very carefully planned, taking into due consideration the very high number of interconnected factors that may influence the process and its enormous impact on the terrestrial humanity; b. very cautiously developed through constant monitoring, always taking in due consideration the possible danger of cultural shock; c. undertaken by bodies/organizations that can count on enough resources, both of the material and of the intellectual kind; d. exclusively undertaken by civil bodies/organizations, being both finalities and modus operandi of military/intelligence organizations antithetically incompatible with the purpose of this Process; e. fully open in nature towards the public; f. undertaken on the base of a totally unconditioned pacific intent; g. undertaken for the highest good of the terrestrial humanity as a whole; h. undertaken on the base of a non-human-centric attitude; i. based on a fair, honest and pure wish to develop friendly, lasting and mutually enriching relationships where both parts have something to learn from the other, irrespective of their level of development. 10. Further developments The C.E.T.I. and the Centro Ufologico Nazionale reserve the right to formulate and make publicly available further protocols covering the phases following the Initial Contact. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex A – The Preliminary Phase Page 14 of 25 Annex A – The Preliminary Phase 1. Preamble The Preliminary Phase (steps 1 to 4 in the Annex D flowchart) is the part of the process where the bases for the development of the Contact Process are laid. The nature of this phase is essentially organizational, and includes the activities that are necessary to implement a proper organizational framework for the Contact Process to be developed. Given the relevance, complexity and ramifications of the whole Contact Process, the actor(s) will exercise a great care in this preliminary phase, in order to properly set up from the very beginning an effective framework for the correct and seamless implementation of the Contact Process. 2. List of the preliminary activities In this phase, the actor(s) of the Contact Process will take care to put into practice the operations described in the following list: a. the definition and signature of the initial agreement between the involved parties; b. the definition of the general organizational chart; c. the definition of the general road map of the Process; d. the definition of the scientific panels. 3. Time line The actor(s) of the Contact Process will take care to implement the activities as listed above and in that order. Even though the order listed above is important and should be properly respected, a general attitude of flexibility is highly recommended, as an important asset to face the potential unknown factors that such an operation might present. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 15 of 25 Annex B – The Preparation Phase 1. Preamble The Preparation Phase (steps 5 to 9 in the Annex D flowchart) is the part of the process where the activities meant to prepare the actual operative phase are enacted within the framework of the general road map defined in the Preliminary Phase. The activities of this phase belong to three distinct threads of activity, nominally in the communication, legal and scientific domains. 2. List of the preparation activities The detailed list of the activities to be implemented in this Phase is the following: a. Activities in the domain of communication This sector of activity includes all that is necessary to implement a wide range communication project meant to inform the population of the world about the Contact Process: The actor(s) of the Contact Process will exercise the greatest care to carefully implement a very wide scale communication process meant to properly inform the population of the world about the purpose and aim of the Contact Process, in order to minimize the risk of cultural shock and prepare the best possible general attitude towards the Contact. The same care will be applied by the actor(s) in order to implement a correct synergy with the mass media organizations. In particular, a great care should be exercised in order to correctly sensitize the Medias about the great importance and repercussions of the Contact Project and about the importance of a correct and responsible information, specifically avoiding any sensationalism, improper bias and in general any undue deformation of the information. In the framework of this operation, the factive cooperation of religious and spiritual leaders of any cult is a very important asset and should be actively sought for. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 16 of 25 Considering the very likely long period of time that will be necessary for the desired outcome of this communication campaign to be achieved, this will be the very first operation to be started, once the composition of the various scientific panels has been defined. This information campaign will make use of the highest possible number of channels and communication systems in order to reach the highest percentage of the world population. In the course of this campaign, a significant emphasis will be placed upon the open and official nature of the Process. Such character of openness will not be limited to this Phase but will remain constant all along the whole Contact Process and will extend further into the Dialogue process b. Activities in the domain of legislation This sector of activity includes all that is necessary to define and implement a proper juridical framework for the Contact and the Dialogue Process to develop: The state or the states to which the actor(s) belong will include in their legislations a norm or a body of norms that recognize 1. the possible existence of intelligent beings and civilizations in the Universe; 2. any of these civilizations and their members as full subjects of right. The same will be done, as applicable, by any other body/organization participating in the Contact Process, in order to implement a homogeneous and suitable legal framework for all the actors. c. Activities in the scientific domain This sector of activity includes all that is necessary to define the contents of the Invitation Message, to transmit it, to wait for and validate the possible answer(s) and the lines of action for the possible scenarios following the transmission of the Invitation Message: 1. The formulation of the Invitation Message Such message will be composed by at least the following parts: PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 17 of 25 a. a clear and explicit declaration of pacific intent from the inviting party; b. the invitation to come forward in peace and friendship with the purpose to set up open, official and lasting relationships; c. the indication of the system(s) to be used by the Invited Extraterrestrials to convey the positive answer (Acceptation Message). To increase the possibility of being correctly understood, the languages used for this message should preferably be chosen among the more widely spoken languages in the world, like English, Spanish and Chinese. In case radio waves or optical beams are used as carriers and digital modulation systems are used, or in the case of written messages, the body of the message could contain concepts partially or totally expressed in the form of mathematical notations, as it has been done in the so-called “Arecibo message”, transmitted in 1974. In addition, to minimize the possibility of receiving fake acceptation messages, it should explicitly be requested that the acceptation message be multi-part, and/or multi-system and/or cross-system. Considering that the Invited Extraterrestrials could very likely possess technical capabilities that far exceed those of the Homo Sapiens Sapiens species, it could also be requested that the Acceptation Message be transmitted using a method, or methods, that are impossible for the terrestrial humanity to implement. 2. The modalities for the transmission of the Invitation Message Such message should preferably be broadcast using multiple different carriers; multiple versions could then be created in order to best adapt to the specific carriers used. In any case the basic information to be conveyed should remain the same for all the versions, though. The following is a non-exhaustive list of carriers for the transmission of this message: a. radio waves of any frequency, modulated with the purpose of carrying verbal and/or text messages to be broadcast with any of the systems nowadays available; PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 18 of 25 b. light waves of any frequency, modulated with the purpose of carrying verbal and/or text messages to be broadcast with any of the systems nowadays available; c. the Internet, in the form of file(s) containing the information that is wished to convey (html pages, plain text files, formatted text files, audio/video files etc); d. the printed press; e. writings/graphical elements traced on the ground or any suitable support. 3. The modalities for the waiting of the reply The same channels used for transmitting the Invitation Message will be monitored for the time window allocated for this operation (“waiting period”). Not knowing a priori how long it could take for the Invited Extraterrestrials to reply, the duration of the waiting period should be made as long as practically possible. One point to be taken in due consideration here is the possibility that a reply came at any moment under a totally unexpected form and/or a totally unexpected, strange or unusual system or carrier like, for instance but not limited to, agroglyphes (“crop circles”). An attitude of great flexibility should therefore be kept in this context. Once the waiting period has elapsed, any replay that could have been received (“candidate reply”) will be forwarded to the competent commission for the evaluation. 4. The modalities for the validation of the reply, or replies, received The candidate reply or replies shall be validated by multiple, independent scientific panels in a cross-evaluation process. The number of such panels should be chosen to be odd. In case of multiple candidate replies, each one will be examined under a single instance of the validation process. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 19 of 25 Each instance of the validation process will have one and only one the following outcomes: NR – Not Received: a particular condition of the validation process where no answer has been received; NV – Not Validated: in case the candidate answer under examination has not been validated being there no doubts whatsoever about its invalidity; ND – Not validated with Doubts: in case it has not been possible to reach an agreement on the validity of the candidate reply under examination, but significant and motivated elements in favor of its validity persist; NU – Not Understood: in case it has not been possible to reach an agreement on the validity of the candidate answer under examinations because of the impossibility to fully understand its meaning; VA – Validated: in case it has been possible to reach an agreement on the validity of the candidate answer. 5. The course of action to undertake in case no reply has been received (outcome NR), or in case of NV outcome(s) In such case, the actor(s) can evaluate the possibility to: a. repeat the whole Process with the same parameters, re-starting from step 10 in Annex D; b. repeat the whole Process with any with modification they may deem necessary, re-starting from step 16 in Annex D, or c. terminate the Contact Process (step 20 in Annex D). 6. The course of action to undertake in case of ND and/or NU outcome(s) In such case the actor(s) can evaluate the possibility of repeating the Invitation Message. In case the author(s) of the Invitation Message deem it useful, its formulation could be modified in order to reduce the possibility of misinterpretations by the Invited Extraterrestrials, re-starting from step 18 of Annex D. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 20 of 25 7. The course of action to undertake in case of at least one VA outcome. In such case, the actor(s) of the Contact Process will take care to perform the actions described in the following list: a. Transmission of the Ack Message The Message of Acknowledgement (“Ack Message”, first section of point 15 of the general flowchart in Annex D) should be transmitted using the channel(s) specified by the Invited Extraterrestrials in their Acceptation Message. In case of lack of such information, the Acknowledgment Message shall be transmitted using the same channel(s) used by Them to transmit the Acceptation Message. Should this be impossible for the reasons listed in the final paragraph of point 2.c at page 17, the Ack Message should be transmitted using the same system(s) used to transmit the Invitation Message. Such Ack Message should be formulated in order to inform the Invited Extraterrestrials of the following: 1. that Their reply has been received; 2. that the terrestrial humanity wishes to express their gratitude for having accepted the invitation; 3. the system that will be used for the following contacts. b. Forwarding of the official notifications The notification of the reception of a positive reply shall be forwarded through the official channels to the government(s) of the country(ies) to which the organization(s) participating in the Contact Process belong. c. Information to the Medias and to the public The news of the reception of a positive answer will be issued and sent to the organizations of the mass media. The same news will also be broadcast to the general public using the same channels/systems used for the Informative Campaign in the Preparation Phase. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex B – The Preparation Phase Page 21 of 25 3. Timeline The actor(s) of the Contact Process will perform the activities of this Phase in the order described above. Considering the very likely long time to be allocated for the informative campaign, and the similarly long time for its desired effects to fully manifest, such operation will be the very first to be performed in this Phase. Even though the order listed above is important and should be properly respected, a general attitude of flexibility is highly recommended, as an important asset to face the potential unknown factors that such an operation might present. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex C – The Operative Phase Page 22 of 25 Annex C – The Operative Phase 1. Preamble The Operative Phase (steps from 10 on in the Annex D flowchart) is the part of the process where the procedures that have been set up in the Preparation Phase are put into practice. The nature of this phase is essentially operational. 2. List of the operational activities With reference to the general description given in the precedent point 1 and to the list of the preparative activities detailed in Annex B, the Operative Phase should develop itself according to the following general sequence: a. transmission of the Invitation Message; b. waiting for any answer; c. validation of any answer; d. decision on the course of action to undertake in case no answer has been received or validated, or e. decision on the course of action to undertake in case one or more answers have not been validated but significant doubts in favor of its validity persist and/or it has not been possible to fully understand their meaning, or f. decision on the course of action to undertake in case one or more answers have been validated. 3. Timeline The actor(s) of the Contact Process will perform the activities of this Phase in the order indicated at point 2 above. Even though the order listed above is important and should be properly respected, a general attitude of flexibility is highly recommended, as an important asset to face the potential unknown factors that such an operation might present. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex C – The Operative Phase Page 23 of 25 4. Initial developments of the Dialogue Process – basic elements a. General Following the moment of the Initial Contact, the course of action to undertake in the development of the Dialogue Process with the Invited Extraterrestrials should be inspired by the greatest caution, where the risk of cultural shock is the factor to be monitored with the greatest care. b. Modalities for the development of the Dialogue Ideally, the development of the relationships with other races of intelligent beings should slowly and cautiously develop itself along the steps of a process that finds its origin in a dialogue at a distance, while continuously informing the general public and monitoring the its reactions. Should the reactions be mainly negative, and/or should the symptoms of cultural shock manifest themselves, the dialogue should remain of the distant kind as long as necessary. In case the reactions be of a less negative nature, the process could gradually, but always cautiously, be accelerated towards the establishment of more strict relations. c. Modalities for the management of the Dialogue In any case, the Dialogue Process should exclusively be managed since the beginning by one (or more) body (bodies) acting (collectively) as a buffer layer between the Invited Extraterrestrials’ culture and that of the terrestrial humanity, in a constant framework of an open attitude towards the terrestrial public. The action of such buffer layer must not in any case negatively influence or interfere with the open character of the Dialogue Process. d. Desirable synergies As for the Contact Process, keeping alive a factive synergy with the Medias is an essential asset in this phase, in order to provide a correct and effective information to the public, avoiding any deformation or improper alteration. Similarly, a factive synergy with religious/spiritual leaders of any cult is an essential asset in this phase, in order to have the religious, moral and philosophic implications of the Contact properly understood, elaborated and integrated in the social framework. PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials – Annex D – General Flowchart Page 24 of 25 Annex D – General Flowchart of the Initial Contact Process PROTOCOLS for the Initial Contact with Extraterrestrials Page 25 of 25 This page has intentionally been left blank.

Tabelle statistiche del Centro Ufologico Nazionale (1900-2015)

 

 

 

Sezione Statistiche Avvistamenti UFO

 

PER SEGNALARE AVVISTAMENTI DI   UFO  E  FENOMENI ANOMALI CONNESSI         E-mail:   ufoline@hotmail.it  

Non troverai mai la verità se non sei disposto ad accettare anche ciò che non ti aspetti. (Eraclito)

Segnalazioni avvistamenti dal  1 gennaio 2016  alla prima decade di maggio

a cura del Coordinamento Documentario del CUN e SUF

Prossimo aggiornamento a settembre

 

Tabelle statistiche del Centro Ufologico Nazionale (1900-2015)


Il Centro Ufologico Nazionale, (dal 1965 al 1966 come Centro Unico Nazionale per lo studio dei fenomeni ritenuti di natura extraterrestre) con ben 50 anni di ricerca vanta una ricca casistica, composta di oltre 12.422 dossier di indagine risalenti dal lontano 1900 ad oggi,  cioè molto prima del primo volo dei Fratelli Wright.
La casistica* include dal 1900 a tutto il 2015, 12.432 segnalazioni così ripartite:

  • 8.848 alte quote (sopra i 150 metri)
  • 1.453 basse quote (sotto i 150 metri)
  • 376 ufo a terra
  • 369 riferite presenze di entità cio gli Incontri Ravvicinati del Terzo Tipo o IR3
  • 93 ufo a pelo d’acqua (mare, lago)
  • 40 USO sotto il livello d’acqua (mare, lago)
  • 1.243 inserite in altre tipologie classificative minori.

 

* i dati sono in continua elaborazione.

 

Legenda Sigle Tabelle tipologie  CUN – SUF

Tabella elenco  avvistamenti UFO in Italia dal 1900  al  2015  (elaborazione fino a tutto il 2015)
Indice archivio generale CUN-SUF i dati non disponibili riguardano quelli non campionabili convenzionalmente  (es. rotte aeree, navali  o autostradali e nei  territori ex colonie italiane)

Tabella con Mappa  avvistamenti per Provincia (dal 1900 al 2015 primo semestre)

Mappa Regionale avvistamenti  (dal 1900 al 2015 primo semestre)

Mappa Intensità avvistamenti  (dal 1900 al 2015 primo semestre)

Mappa  avvistamenti su voli di linea  (dal 1900 al 2015 primo semestre)

 

 

Alcuni dati statistici e grafici sugli avvistamenti in Italia  (dal 1900 al 1946)

Alcuni dati statistici e grafici sugli avvistamenti in Italia  (dal 1947 al 2014)

 

 

Analisi delle famose ondate “Wave” e “Flap” in Italia: Ondata  del 1954   e   Ondata  del 1978

Comparazione ondate avvistamenti del 1954 e 1978

Analisi statistica con distribuzione di frequenza avvistamenti del 1978
Mappa casistica regionale Sardegna dal 1900 e 2013

Proiezione dei Flussi su scala nazionale dei maggiori eventi ufologici italiani dal 1900 al 2014
La mappa é parte integrante del Progetto U.M.P. (UFO Meeting Points) avviato con Eamon Ansbro e ancora in fase di sviluppo.  La Mappa riporta lo studio sui flussi di avvistamento ed esclude  gli avvistamenti singoli  o le aree con poca concentrazione UFO e mette in evidenza delle “linee” di scorrimento preferenziali.

 

 

 

Analisi e Tabella Avvistamenti a Bassa Quota  (1947 – 2014)

Analisi e Tabella Intensità Mensile Avvistamenti   (1947 – 2014)

Distribuzione Mensile Avvistamenti  UFO 1947 – 2014  Tabella 3D

 

Mappa delle ondate di avvistamenti UFO  nel mondo (dal 1896 al 1980)

 

Banca Dati   Locale e Regionale su avvistamenti UFO
Tabelle staistiche CUN CISU SUF SUT 1946 – 2010 comparate

La statistica CUN SUF degli avvistamenti del 2014 le Tavola statistica e la Tabella comparata del decennio 2005-2014, curate da Franco Mari  

 

Tabelle Casistica Internazionale e Nazionale
Banca dati CUN Archivio Alfredo Lissoni
Gli anni Quaranta | Gli anni Cinquanta | Gli anni Sessanta | Gli anni Settanta |
Gli anni Ottanta | Gli anni Novanta | Il Duemila | No data |

 

 STATO MAGGIORE AERONAUTICA – REPARTO GENERALE SICUREZZA:

Il Reparto Generale Sicurezza

 i dati sugli O.V.N.I. dal 2001 al 2015

cartina avvistamenti ufficiali dal 1972 al 2013

grafico avvistamenti dal 1972 al  2013

 

Torna alla Home Page

Breakthrough Life In The Universe Initiatives Press Conference

20th July 2015

 

Yuri Milner and Stephen Hawking Announce

$100 Million Breakthrough Initiative to Dramatically Accelerate

Search for Intelligent Life in the Universe

 

10-year, Multi-disciplinary Search Effort Will Harness

World’s Largest Telescopes to Mine Data from Nearest Million Stars, Milky Way and 100 Galaxies

 

 

London, UK – Monday, July 20, 2015 — Yuri Milner was joined at The Royal Society today by Stephen Hawking, Martin Rees, Frank Drake, Geoff Marcy, Pete Worden and Ann Druyan to announce the unprecedented $100 million global Breakthrough Initiatives to reinvigorate the search for life in the universe.

The first of two initiatives announced today, Breakthrough Listen, will be the most powerful, comprehensive and intensive scientific search ever undertaken for signs of intelligent life beyond Earth. The second, Breakthrough Message, will fund an international competition to generate messages representing humanity and planet Earth, which might one day be sent to other civilizations.

Breakthrough Listen

  • Biggest scientific search ever undertaken for signs of intelligent life beyond Earth.
  • Significant access to two of the world’s most powerful telescopes – 100 Meter Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope in West Virginia, USA (“Green Bank Telescope”)[1] and 64-metre diameter Parkes Telescope in New South Wales, Australia (“Parkes Telescope”).
  • 50 times more sensitive than previous programs dedicated to SETI research.
  • Will cover 10 times more of the sky than previous programs.
  • Will scan at least 5 times more of the radio spectrum – and 100 times faster.
  • In tandem with a radio search, Automated Planet Finder Telescope at Lick Observatory in California, USA (“Lick Telescope”)[2] will undertake world’s deepest and broadest search for optical laser transmissions.
  • Initiative will span 10 years.
  • Financial commitment is $100,000,000.

 

Unprecedented scope

The program will include a survey of the 1,000,000 closest stars to Earth. It will scan the center of our galaxy and the entire galactic plane. Beyond the Milky Way, it will listen for messages from the 100 closest galaxies. The telescopesused are exquisitely sensitive to long-distance signals, even of low or moderate power:

 

  • If a civilization based around one of the 1,000 nearest stars transmits to us with the power of common aircraft radar, Breakthrough Listen telescopes could detect it.
  • If a civilization transmits from the center of the Milky Way, with any more than 12 times the output of interplanetary radars we use to probe the Solar System, Breakthrough Listen telescopes could detect it.
  • From a nearby star (25 trillion miles away), Breakthrough Listen’s optical search could detect a 100-watt laser (energy output of normal household light bulb).

 

 

Open Data, Open Source, Open Platform

 

The program will generate vast amounts of data. All data will be open to the public. This will likely constitute the largest amount of scientific data ever made available to the public. The Breakthrough Listen team will use and develop the most powerful software for sifting and searching this flood of data. All software will be open source. Both the software and the hardware used in the Breakthrough Listen project will be compatible with other telescopes around the world, so that they could join the search for intelligent life. As well as using the Breakthrough Listen software, scientists and members of the public will be able to add to it, developing their own applications to analyze the data.

 

Crowdsourced processing power

 

Breakthrough Listen will also be joining and supporting SETI@home, University of California, Berkeley’s ground breaking distributed computing platform, with 9 million volunteers around the world donating their spare computing power to search astronomical data for signs of life. Collectively, they constitute one of the largest supercomputers in the world.

 

Breakthrough Message

 

  • International competition to create digital messages that represent humanity and planet Earth.

 

  • The pool of prizes will total $1,000,000.

 

  • Details on the competition will be announced at a later date.

 

  • This initiative is not a commitment to send messages. It’s a way to learn about the potential languages of interstellar communication and to spur global discussion on the ethical and philosophical issues surrounding communication with intelligent life beyond Earth.

 

Project Leadership

 

  • Martin Rees, Astronomer Royal, Fellow of Trinity College; Emeritus Professor of Cosmology and Astrophysics, University of Cambridge.
  • Pete Worden, Chairman, Breakthrough Prize Foundation.
  • Frank Drake, Chairman Emeritus, SETI Institute; Professor Emeritus of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz; Founding Director, National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center; Former Goldwin Smith Professor of Astronomy, Cornell University.
  • Geoff Marcy, Professor of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley; Alberts SETI Chair.
  • Ann Druyan, Creative Director of the Interstellar Message, NASA Voyager; Co-Founder and CEO, Cosmos Studios; Emmy and Peabody award winning Writer and Producer.
  • Dan Werthimer, Co-founder and chief scientist of the SETI@home project; director of SERENDIP; principal investigator for CASPER.
  • Andrew Siemion, Director, Berkeley SETI Research Center.

Yuri Milner said: “With Breakthrough Listen, we’re committed to bringing the Silicon Valley approach to the search for intelligent life in the Universe. Our approach to data will be open and taking advantage of the problem-solving power of social networks.”

Stephen Hawking said: “I strongly support the Breakthrough Initiatives and the search for extraterrestrial life.”

Frank Drake said: “Right now there could be messages from the stars flying right through the room, through us all. That still sends a shiver down my spine. The search for intelligent life is a great adventure. And Breakthrough Listen is giving it a huge lift.”

“We’ve learned a lot in the last fifty years about how to look for signals from space. With the Breakthrough Initiatives, the learning curve is likely to bend upward significantly,” added Frank Drake.

Ann Druyan said: “The Breakthrough Message competition is designed to spark the imaginations of millions, and to generate conversation about who we really are in the universe and what it is that we wish to share about the nature of being alive on Earth. Even if we don’t send a single message, the act of conceptualizing one can be transformative. In creating the Voyager Interstellar Message, we strived to attain a cosmic perspective on our planet, our species and our time. It was intended for two distinct kinds of recipients – the putative extraterrestrials of distant worlds in the remote future and our human contemporaries. As we approach the Message’s fortieth anniversary, I am deeply grateful for the chance to collaborate on the Breakthrough Message, for what we might discover together and in the hope that it might inform our outlook and even our conduct on this world.”

###

Additional information www.breakthroughinitiatives.org.

Images, video and materials from today’s press conference are available for media download at the below link. Content will be uploaded throughout the day.

Link: www.image.net/BreakthroughLifeintheUniverseInitiatives

For media inquiries: media@breakthroughprize.org

or

Rubenstein Communications, Inc.
New York, NY
Janet Wootten
jwootten@rubenstein.com / +1.212.843.8024

 

 

[1] The Green Bank Telescope is operated on behalf of the National Science Foundation by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory/Associated Universities Inc.

[2] The Automated Planet Finder at Lick Observatory is operated by the University of California Observatories.

L’estate degli extraterrestri

Profilo blogger

Presidente Centro ufologico nazionale
Con le ultime notizie riguardanti le iniziative in campo scientifico, circa la ricerca di vita intelligente extraterrestre, organizzata sotto l’egida del team Breakthrough Initiatives, la recentissima scoperta di un pianeta quasi gemello della Terra, il Kepler 452b dove si ipotizza nemmeno velatamente la possibilità di avere ospitato vita o che sia ancora presente e l’imminente rilascio di nuova documentazione sugli UFO da parte del MOD il mitico Ministero della Difesa Britannico ed anche quello tedesco, torna prepotente il problema della vita Intelligente Extraterrestre.

Il colpo a sorpresa è stato certamente quello organizzato dal team del Tycoon russo Yuri Milner, che con oltre 100 milioni di dollari ha riunito sotto l’organizzazione denominata Breakthroug Initiatives, scienziati del calibro di Stephen Hawking, Franke Drake, Martin Rees e molti altri. Con una conferenza stampa nella sede della Royal Society a Londra, Milner ha presentato il progetto, dove lo stesso Hawking, abbandonando la sua proverbiale prudenza riguardo gli ET ha declinato: “Forse da qualche parte dello spazio forme di vita intelligenti già osservano le nostre luci. O magari queste ultime vagano in un cosmo senza vita. Comunque sia non esiste domanda più importante ed è ora di trovare la risposta. Noi siamo vivi, siamo intelligenti. Dobbiamo sapere”.

Il problema che si pone per la scienza riguarda la logica sulla difficoltà del contatto, con distanze impossibili da raggiungere in “tempi terrestri”, ignorando sistematicamente il fenomeno degli UFO, come se civiltà molto più avanzate della nostra con qualche miliardo di anni di conoscenze in più, non possano avere risolto problemi per noi ancora insuperabili per spostarsi nello spazio in tempi utili. I vari ministeri della difesa più pragmaticamente si pongono il problema dell’analisi dei dati sugli UFO, che hanno una costante comune, il 20% circa degli avvistamenti non è spiegabile convenzionalmente e si ricorre appunto alla ETH (Extra Terrestrial Hypothesis) in quanto tali manifestazioni tecnologiche esulano dalle nostre conoscenze e per dirla parafrasando Fermi ma rovesciandone l’impostazione.. se sono tecnologie terrestri, dove sono? E perché non vengono mai usate commercialmente o nei campi di battaglia?

Il CUN, Centro Ufologico Nazionale, ha recentemente postato su Internet il database completo degli avvistamenti italiani dal 1900 ad oggi corredato da statistiche e dati compresi quelli dello Stato Maggiore Aeronautica. Inoltre ha costituito un’area della ricerca, il CETI dove sono stati creati i protocolli di contatto, già presentati alla conferenza di Washington organizzata da alcuni membri delCongresso ed ex senatori USA.

Dunque ci aspetta un estate ricca di eventi e notizie su un tema, quello della presenza della Vita Intelligente Extraterrestre, che come ha detto il grande astrofisico Hawking …” Comunque sia non esiste domanda più importante ed è ora di trovare la risposta…”

E come diceva già più di duemila anni fa il filosofo Eraclito: “Non troverai mai la verità se non sei disposto ad accettare anche ciò che non ti aspetti”.

La Bibbia e i dischi volanti

Foto Cover di Bibbia e i dischi volanti, Ebook di Barry H. Downing, edito da Cerchio della Luna

La Bibbia e i dischi volanti

Barry H. Downing

Formato: EPUB
Cloud: Scopri di più
Compatibilità: Tutti i dispositivi Scopri di più
Dimensioni: 5,09 MB
  • Pagine della versione a stampa: 290 p.
  • EAN: 9788869370113

Extraterrestri. Storia di un’idea dalla Grecia ad oggi

Foto Cover di Extraterrestri. Storia di un'idea dalla Grecia ad oggi, Libro di Annibale Fantoli, edito da Carocci

Extraterrestri. Storia di un’idea dalla Grecia ad oggi

Annibale Fantoli

Editore: Carocci
Collana: Frecce
Anno edizione: 2008
Pagine: 257 p. , Brossura
  • EAN: 9788843045068
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